After a company has journalized and posted all adjusting entries, it prepares another Trial Balance from the ledger accounts. This trial balance is called an Adjusted Trial Balance. It shows the balances of all accounts, including those adjusted, at the end of the accounting period. The purpose of an adjusted trial balance is to prove the equality of the total debit balances and the total credit balances in the General Ledger after all adjustments. Because the accounts contain all data needed for financial statements, the adjusted trial balance is the primary basis for the preparation of financial statements.
Adjusted Trial Balance is a list that contains all the accounts and their balances after adjustments have been made is called adjusted trial balance. The adjusted trial balance is prepared after all adjusting entries have been Journalized and posted. The adjusted trial balance shows the balances of all accounts, including those that have been adjusted, at the end of the accounting period. The purpose of the adjusted trial balance is to prove the equality of the total debit balances and total credit balances in the ledger after all adjustments. The two columns of the adjusted trial balance should equal each other in the same way that the trial balance does. Financial Statements can be prepared directly from the adjusted trial balance.
Adjusted trial balance = Trial balance plus or minus adjustments
Adjusted Trial Balance Examples
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Example # 1
Prepare Adjusted Trial Balance for the year ending 31st December 2016 from the Trial Balance and adjustments of Mishal Company given below:
- Depreciate machinery @ 5% p.a. by written down method.
- Outstanding Salaries Rs. 2,000.
- Insurance paid in advance Rs. 500.
- Maintain @ 5% allowance for doubtful debts on sundry debtors.
- Supplies at the end of year of worth Rs. 20,000.
Mukharji, A., & Hanif, M. (2003). Financial Accounting (Vol. 1). New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co.
Narayanswami, R. (2008). Financial Accounting: A Managerial Perspective. (3rd, Ed.) New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India.
Ramchandran, N., & Kakani, R. K. (2007). Financial Accounting for Management. (2nd, Ed.) New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill.