Payroll Systems

Different payroll systems have been devised for meeting the requirements of both employees and employers. Usually the employer makes a specified monetary payment to workers for a specified work or job done. The specified monetary payment could either be related to a particular hours of attendance or to the quantity of work.

 

  • Time Rate Based Premium Plan
  • Piece Rate Based Premium Plan

 

Time Based Premium Plan

Under this system, wages to a worker are paid on time basis irrespective of the quantity of production. The wage is measured on the basis of unit of time i.e. hourly, daily, weekly or monthly. Some of the important time based incentive wage plans are briefly discussed below with practical examples:

 

Halsey Premium Plan

Under this system, a standard time is fixed for each job or operation. Time rate is guaranteed to a worker, if he completes the job within standard time or more than the standard time, he is paid standard rate. But if the Job is completed in less than the standard time fixed for the job, he is given wages for the actual hours taken plus bonus equal to one half of the wage of the time saved:

Halsey Premium Plan Formula

halsey premium plan formula



Example 1:

Following are data related to payroll are extracted from the books of Ali Khan Ltd:

Wage rate per hour              Rs. 50                     Time allowed for the job                                    10 hours

Time taken                           6 hours

 

Required: (a) Calculate the Gross wages using Halsey premium plan                      (b) Find out Effective Rate of Earnings

 

Solution:

Halsey Premium Plan = (Time worked * wage rate) + (½ Time saved * wage rate)

Halsey Premium Plan = (6 * 50) + (½ 4 * 50)

Halsey Premium Plan = (300) + (100)

Halsey Premium Plan = Rs. 400

 

Effective Rate of Earning = Gross wages / Actual time taken

Effective Rate of Earning = 400 / 6

Effective Rate of Earning = Rs. 66.67

 

>> Practice Multiple-choice Question Labor Costing MCQs.



 

Halsey-Weir Premium Plan

Under this method, other things being the same as Halsey Plan, the rate of premium usually applied is 1/3 of the wage of the time saved:

Halsey-Weir Premium Plan Formula

Halsey-Weir Premium Plan Formula

Example 2:

Following are data related to payroll are extracted from the books of Ali Khan Ltd:

Wage rate per hour              Rs. 50                     Time allowed for the job                    10 hours

Time taken                           6 hours

 

Required: (a) Calculate the Gross wages using Halsey-Weir Premium Plan            (b) Find out Effective Rate of Earnings

Solution:

Halsey-Weir Premium Plan = (Time worked * wage rate) + (1/3 Time saved * wage rate)

Halsey-Weir Premium Plan = (6 * 50) + (1/3 4 * 50)

Halsey-Weir Premium Plan = (300) + (66.67)

Halsey-Weir Premium Plan = Rs. 366.67

 

Effective Rate of Earning = Gross wages / Actual time taken

Effective Rate of Earning = 366.67 / 6

Effective Rate of Earning = Rs. 61.11

 

>> Practice Multiple-choice Question Labor Costing MCQs.

Rowan Premium Plan

This system is similar to the above two plans. The worker is guaranteed at ordinary rate of wages and premium or bonus is paid in respect of time saved. Under the Rowan system the premium rate is calculated as the proportion of time saved to the standard time allowed.Premium Rate

In order to get premium amount premium rate is multiplied by normal wages.

Rowan Premium Plan Formula

Rowan Premium Plan formula

Example 3:

Following are data related to payroll are extracted from the books of Ali Khan Ltd:

Wage rate per hour              Rs. 50                     Time allowed for the job                    10 hours

Time taken                           6 hours

 

Required: (a) Calculate the Gross wages using Rowan Premium Plan     (b) Find out Effective Rate of Earnings

Solution:

Rowan Premium Plan

Comparative Wage Sheet

>> Further Readings Factory Overhead.

Example 4:

Following are data related to payroll are extracted from the books of Ali Ahmed Khan Ltd:

Wage rate per hour                              Rs. 10                     Time allowed for the job                    40 hours

Time taken                                           30 hours

 

Required:

(a) Calculate the Gross wages using Halsey, Halsey-weir and Roman Premium plan

(b) Find out Effective Rate of Earnings by above mentioned three bonus plans and comparative wage sheet

Solution: Halsey Premium Plan

Halsey Premium Plan = (Time worked * wage rate) + (½ Time saved * wage rate)

Halsey Premium Plan = (30 * 10) + (½ 10 * 10)

Halsey Premium Plan = (300) + (50)

Halsey Premium Plan = Rs. 350

 

Effective Rate of Earning = Gross wages / Actual time taken

Effective Rate of Earning = 350 / 30

Effective Rate of Earning = Rs. 11.67

 

Solution:Halsey-Wire Premium Plan

Halsey-Weir Premium Plan = (Time worked * wage rate) + (1/3 Time saved * wage rate)

Halsey-Weir Premium Plan = (30 * 10) + (1/3 10 * 10)

Halsey-Weir Premium Plan = (300) + (33.33)

Halsey-Weir Premium Plan = Rs. 333.33

 

Effective Rate of Earning = Gross wages / Actual time taken

Effective Rate of Earning = 333.33 / 30

Effective Rate of Earning = Rs. 11.11

Solution: Rowan Premium Plan

Rowan Premium Plan example

Comparative Wage Sheet

>> Other Practice contains Cost of Goods Sold Problems and Solutions.

Piece Rate Based Premium Plan

Under this method of remuneration a worker is paid on the basis of production and not time taken by him to perform the work. Piecework is where a fixed amount is paid per unit of output achieved irrespective of the time spend.This is one of the simplest and most commonly used of all incentive schemes. The rate is expressed in terms of certain sum of money for every unit produced, e.g. Rs 2 etc.

 

Straight Piece Rate

  • Wages are paid in this system in accordance with the output of production. This is independent of time spent on the job.

Straight Piece Rate Formula

Straight Piece Rate Formula

Example 5:

If a worker produces 25 pieces per day and he is paid at the rate of Rs. 20 per piece, what will be the total wages per day?

Solution:

Straight Piece Rate = Unit Produced * Rate Per Unit

Straight Piece Rate = 25 * 20

Straight Piece Rate = Rs. 500

Piece-rate with guarantee

  • A piece rate with guarantee operates to give the employee some security if the employee does not provide enough work in particular period
  • If an employee’s earning for the amount of units produced in the periods are lower than guaranteed amount, then the guaranteed amount is paid

 

Example 6:

Mr. Mohsin Khan is paid Rs. 3.00 for every unit that he produces but he has a guaranteed wage of Rs. 28.00 per eight-hour a day. In a particular week he produces the following number of units:

Monday …………………………     12 units                                  Tuesday …………………………     14 units

Wednesday ………………………    9 unit                                      Thursday ………………………..     18 units

Friday ……………………………     8 units

Calculate Mohsin’s wages of this week?

Solution:

Piece-rate with guarantee example

Differential piece rates

  • There are various differential piece rate plans. The differential piece rate plans aim at maximum production by giving an additional incentive to increase output just at the stage at which the worker would otherwise begin to feel that further efforts was not worthwhile
  • These schemes are devised in such a manner that with the increase in efficiency of a worker his wages are automatically increased. Some of the differential schemes are:
  • Taylor Differential Piece Rate Plan
  • Merrick Differential Piece Rate Plan

 

Taylor differential piece rate system

  • This system was originated by W.F. Taylor, the father of scientific management
  • It is based on the assumption that the degree of efficiency varies from worker to worker and hence the worker must be paid according to their degree of efficiency
  • Under this system two piece rates are fixed
  • One lower rate applicable to worker whose production is below standard and another higher rate is applicable to a worker whose production is at or above the standard

  

Example 7:

From the following particulars, calculate the earnings of workers under Taylor’s Differential Piece Rate Plan.

Standard production per day                                            27 pieces

Normal rate per piece                                                         80

A produces                                                                            25 units

B produces                                                                            35 units

Differential to be applied 80% of piece rate below standard. 120% of piece rate at or above standard

 

Solution:

A

Per unit Rate = 80 * 80/100 = Rs. 64

Gross wages = 25 * 64 = Rs. 1,600

B

Per unit Rate = 80 * 120/100= Rs. 96

Gross wages = 96 * 35 = Rs. 3,360

Merrick Differential Piece Rate System

  • Merrick Differential system is a modification of the Taylor’s system
  • Uses three rates instead of two. The three rates are as under:
  • Efficiency upto 80% ………. Normal Piece rate applicable
  • Efficiency upto 100% ……… 10% above normal rate
  • Efficiency above 100% …….. 20% above normal rate

Example 8:

From the following particulars calculate the total earnings of the three workers who are paid wages under the Merrick Differential System.

Normal piece rate (upto 80%)                                                           Rs. 5 per unit

Standard Production                                                                           40 units per week

Output of the workers for the week:

A                                             32 units

B                                             37 units

C                                             42 units

Solution:

A

Efficiency Level = 32/40 * 100 = 80%

Gross wages = 32 * 5 = Rs. 160

B

Efficiency Level = 37/40 * 100 = 92.5%

Per unit Rate = 5 * 110/100 = Rs. 5.5

Gross wages = 37 * 5.5 = Rs. 203.5

C

Efficiency Level = 42/40 * 100 = 105%

Per unit Rate = 5 * 120/100 = Rs. 6.0

Gross wages = 42 * 6.0 = Rs. 252

>> Practice Multiple-choice Question Labor Costing MCQs.

Labor Turnover

  • Labour turnover may be defined as the rate of change in the composition of the labor force of an organization
  • High rate of labor turnover denotes that labor is not stable and there is frequent change in the labor force
  • The high labour turnover rate is an important indication of high labor cost. It is therefore not desirable

Labor Turnover Formula

Labourr Turnover Formula

Example 9:

The personnel department of a company has supplied the following information relating to its work force during the month of June, 2011.

Number of workers:

1st June …………….. 1900                                                                30th June …………… 2100

During the month 60 persons were discharged and 20 left the company. During the month 200workers were engaged out of which only 40 workers were appointed against the vacancy caused by the number of workers separated and the remaining on account of an expansion scheme of the company. Calculate labor turnover rate?

Solution:

Labour Turnover Example

Labor Efficiency

  • Labor is a significant cost in many organizations and it is important to measure the efficiency of labor against pre-set targets
  • To measure labor efficiency compare actual efficiency with predetermined targets (or budgets)

Labor Efficiency Formula

labor efficiency formula

Example 10:

ABC Company budgets to make 27,000 standard units of output (in four hour each) during a budget period of 108,000 hours. Actual output the period was 27,000 units which took 120,000 hours to make.  Find the Efficiency Ratio?

Solution:

Labor efficiency Example

>> Practice Multiple-choice Question Labor Costing MCQs.