**Capital Budgeting**

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Capital Budgeting is the process of identifying, analyzing and selecting investment project whose returns (Cash Flows) are expected to extend beyond one year.

**Capital Budgeting Techniques**

There are different methods of evaluating capital investment projects. Broadly, there are two alternative methods of project evaluation and selection used in Capital Budgeting:

**Non-Discounting Criteria**

Non-discounting techniques take into account magnitude and not timing of the expected cash flow ignoring time value of money. Following are different **non-discount techniques**:

** 1. Payback Period**

**2. Accounting Rate of Return**

**Discounting Criteria**

Discounting cash flow method provide more objective basis for evaluating and selecting projects. This method take into account both magnitude and timing of the expected cash flow in each period of project’s life. Following are some important techniques used under Discounting Criteria:

**1. Net Present Value (NPV)**

**2. Profitability Index (PI) or Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) **

**3. Internal Rate of Return (IRR)**